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Repotting must be performed periodically on all bonsai
when their root system has filled the pot. The reasons for
repotting are to supply your tree with fresh soil, and to
encourage a more compact root system. As a rule, most
deciduous trees require repotting every two or three
years, while evergreens only need to be repotted every
four or five years. Since trees grow at different rates, this
schedule will not always hold true, therefore, you should
examine your tree's root system each year to determine if
it has become pot-bound.

In most cases, the potting process is easy and safe if
performed properly and at the right time of the year.
Repotting should be done in mid-summer. The tree, along
with all of its soil, should be removed from the pot. The
outer and bottom most fourth of the tree's root mass
should be removed. This is done by
raking the soil away,
then pruning back the roots. In most cases, it is not good
to prune back more than one fourth of the tree's root
mass. After this, the tree can be placed back in its original
pot or into another. The pot should have
screen placed
over the drainage holes. Then a thin layer of small gravel is
placed in the bottom of the pot for drainage purposes. On
top of this gravel is placed the new fresh
soil. Place a layer
of well-draining soil which is sufficient enough to elevate
the tree to its previous height in the pot. After placing the
tree back in the pot, the area left vacant by the pruned
root mass should be filled in with fresh soil. This fresh soil
should be worked in around and under the root mass in
such a manner as to avoid leaving any air pockets. After
repotting, your bonsai should be thoroughly watered. This
can be achieved by submerging the entire pot in a tub of
Moss or other ground covers can be used to cover
the surface of the pot to help prevent soil erosion when
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--From Bonsai Clubs International
--General Information, Lighting, Temperature, Watering, Feeding, Pruning
and Wiring, Propagation, Repotting, Pests and Diseases.
--From WWW.Bonsai 4Me.Com

--Article: From Bonsai Gardener
--From ABS Bonsai Journal
--From ABS Bonsai Journal

Deciduous Trees
--Article; From Artistic Bonsai Circle
--Article: From WWW.Bonsai 4Me,Com
--Article; From ABS Bonsai Journal
--Article: From WWW.Bonsai 4Me.Com
--Article: From Knowledge of Bonsai
--Article: From Bonsai Learning Center
--Article: From WWW.Bonsai 4Me,Com
--Article: From Knowledge of Bonsai
--Article: From WWW.Bonsai 4Me,Com
--Article: From Knowledge of Bonsai
--The Gingko Pages
--Article: From WWW.Bonsai 4Me.Com
--Article: From Bonsai Gardener
--"Developing Japanese flowering quince miniture bonsai"
--From International Bonsai Magazine
--Article: From Bonsai Gardener

Evergreen Trees
--Article: From WWW.Bonsai 4Me.Com
--Article: From Bonsai Gardener
--Article: From WWW.Bonsai 4Me,Com
--From ABS Bonsai Journal
--From ABS Bonsai Journal
--Article: From Bonsai Gardener
--Article: From Bonsai Gardener
--Article: From Bonsai Gardener
--Article: From WWW.Bonsai 4Me,Com
--Article: From Knowledge of Bonsai
--From KoB Forum
--From Bonsai Sashi-no-eda
--From KoB Forum
--Article: From Knowledge of Bonsai
--Article: From Knowledge of Bonsai
--Article: From Bonsai Gardener
--Article: From Bonsai Sashi-no-eda
--Article: From Knowledge of Bonsai
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A Guide to Bonsai Basics
How to  Grow  Bonsai Trees
Outdoor Bonsai Care
How To Take Proper Care Of your Outdoor Bonsai Tree
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With proper care, your bonsai will remain healthy,
beautiful and miniature for many years to come.
Since your bonsai is a living miniature tree, it will
increase in beauty as it matures through the years.
The instructions below are just the basics and,
therefore, I recommend that you purchase one of
the many fine books available on the subject.

A bonsai is a living miniature tree and not a house
plant; therefore, your bonsai must be maintained in
a cool/cold environment during the winter season.
As a guide, around Thanksgiving Day it is time to
prepare your bonsai for its winter dormancy period
which should last approximately three (3) months.
This can be accomplished in several ways. One
method is to bury your tree in the ground
(preferably without the pot) up to the rim of the container and then mulch
up to the first branch. It is best to choose a location that is protected from
wind and sun, but not rain or snow. A second method which is also common
is to place your tree(s) in an unheated garage or shed. During this time,
your tree does not require light because it is in a dormant state; however, it
will require watering approximately every two weeks. Throughout the spring,
summer and fall your bonsai should be placed outside, such as on a patio,
balcony, terrace, or in a garden. Once outside, your bonsai should be
positioned where it will receive sufficient sun – morning sun and afternoon
shade is best. A bonsai can be viewed best when it is placed approximately
three to four feet high (eye level), such as on a table, wall or bench. A bonsai
can and should be brought into the house on special occasions and displayed
in a prominent place. Your bonsai should not remain inside for more than a
few days at a time, as the atmosphere is detrimental to the health of your
The watering of your bonsai must never be neglected.
Apply water when the soil appears dry -- never allow the
soil to become completely dry. If your bonsai is receiving
full sun, it may be necessary to water once a day. This
schedule may vary with the size pot, type of soil and type
of bonsai tree you own. Evaluate each tree's water
requirements and adjust your watering schedule to
accommodate it. It is a good idea to use a
moisture meter
until you get to know the requirements of your bonsai
tree. Watering should be done with a
watering can or
hose attachment which should dispense the water in a
soft enough manner as not to disturb the soil. Water
should be applied until it begins running out of the holes
in the bottom of your pot. A good rain is usually a
sufficient watering.
During the cold months, when your bonsai is inside, we
recommend placing it in a shallow
tray filled with a layer of
gravel with water added. This provides extra moisture
around the tree as the water evaporates and reduces the
amount of moisture lost to modern heating systems.

Fertilizing is also necessary if your bonsai is to remain
healthy and beautiful. Since your bonsai is growing in such
a small amount of soil it is necessary to replenish the soil's
supply of nutrients periodically. Any general-purpose liquid
fertilizer will do fine and is available at most garden
centers. We suggest that fertilizers be used at half their
recommended strength. Fertilizer should be applied at
least once a month except during winter. Your bonsai will
also respond well to foliar feeding, with a water-soluble
fertilizer applied every other month as a spray.
Trimming and pinching keep your tree miniature. Pinch and
trim back the new growth to the farthest safe point. Never
should all of the new growth be removed. A little should be
left to sustain the health of the tree. Tropical and sub-
tropical trees used for bonsai will require periodic pinching
and trimming throughout the year. Since different trees
grow at different rates, it is necessary to evaluate each
tree’s rate of growth and adjust your trimming and
pinching to accommodate it.

Since your bonsai is a tree in miniature, it can be treated
for insects and diseases the same as any other tree. If you
discover any insects or diseases, visit our website to
obtain the necessary products to eliminate the problem.
For Your Reference
Training deals with the art of bonsai and should be thoroughly understood
before undertaking -- or left to a professional. However, most of the true
bonsai trees you find have already been through their training period, thus
requiring only periodic trimming and pinching to remain miniature.
outdoor deciduous bonsai trees
outdoor evergreen bonsai trees
Recommend Trees for Sale
Outdoor Deciduous
Bonsai Trees

Maple (Acer), Birch,
Hornbeam, Beech,
Ginkgo, Larch, Elm,
Outdoor Evergreen
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Five Needle Pine
Outdoor Flowering
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Japanese Wisteria,
and more
Recommended Trees in Amazon com.
outdoor flowering bonsai trees
Indoor Bonsai Care